This article I will show you how to install a Proxmox Virtual Environment (an open-source server virtualization management) and configure networking (Routed Configuration).
First of all, we need a server with OS Debian installed.
Proxmox VE installation
# echo "deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve buster pve-no-subscription" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-install-repo.list
Add a key.
# wget http://download.proxmox.com/debian/proxmox-ve-release-6.x.gpg -O /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-ve-release-6.x.gpg
Update the system.
# apt update
# apt upgrade
# apt dist-upgrade
Delete packages that we do not need.
# aptitude -q -y purge firmware-bnx2x firmware-realtek firmware-linux firmware-linux-free firmware-linux-nonfree
Install Proxmox VE.
# apt install proxmox-ve
After installation, we reboot the server and check if the proxmox kernel is loaded
# uname -rv
5.3.13-1-pve #1 SMP PVE 5.3.13-1 (Thu, 05 Dec 2019 07:18:14 +0100)
Check if the kvm module has been loaded.
# lsmod | grep kvm
kvm_intel 249856 6
kvm 655360 1 kvm_intel
irqbypass 16384 1 kvm
Uncomment the line – net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1 in the file – /etc/sysctl.conf
Or run the following command to activate IP forwarding.
# sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
In my case, I have an additional subnet – 188.8.131.52/29 and a separate IP – 184.108.40.206
When using a routed installation, you have to manually add the route to the virtual machine.
Open /etc/network/interfaces and add the following (do not touch the main IP settings)
iface vmbr1 inet static
up ip route add 220.127.116.11/32 dev vmbr1
up ip route add 18.104.22.168/32 dev vmbr1
up ip route add 22.214.171.124/32 dev vmbr1
Next, when creating a virtual machine, select vmbr1 network interface.
An example of network settings in VM.
You have successfully installed Proxmox VE and configure networking.