Сonfiguration.php file is placed in the Joomla root directory. If Joomla was not installed in subdirectory, the path looks like this:
/www/domain.com/configuration.php

Website settings:

$offline: website is offline. ‘0’ – website is online. ‘1’website is offline.

$offline_message: a message when the website is offline.

$display_offline_message: display offline messages. ‘0’ – off. ‘1’ – on (a massage for users). ‘2’ – by default (from language file). By default – ‘1’.
$offline_image: a path to an image when the website is offline.

$sitename: website name that is shown in the titles.

$editor: an editor that was chosen in the website settings. By default ‘tinymce’.
$captcha: a protection from spam-bots. By default ‘0’.

$list_limit: list limits for all users. By default ’20’.

$access: access to the website. ‘1’ – public access; ‘2’ – for registered users only; ‘3’ – special. By default – ‘1’.

Debud settings:

$debug: ‘0’ – off. ‘1’ – on.

$debug_lang: ‘0’ – off. ‘1’ – on.

Dtabase settings:

$dbtype: a type of the database – ‘mysqli’ or ‘mysql’.

$host: the database server address. Usually ‘localhost’.

$user: the database username (for the user that has the access to it).

$password: the password for the username. Pay attention, it is not your administrator or FTP password.

$db: a name of the database that you created for Joomla installation.

$dbprefix: minimum three symbols with underscore syntax (you specify this setting while installing Joomla).

Notes:

You may find out the username and the database name in your ISPmanager control panel (“Database” tab).

Additional possibilities:

$live_site: actual website URL, e.g., http://yourdomain.com

$secret: Do NOT CHANGE

$gzip: gzip-archive of the webpages. ‘0’ – off; ‘1’ – on. By deault ‘0’.

$error_reporting: error messages. ‘default’ – by deault.

$helpurl: Joomla help by default.

FTP Settings

$ftp_host: ‘127.0.0.1’ – IP for localhost by default.

$ftp_port: ’21’

$ftp_user: Your FTP username

$ftp_pass: Your FTP password

$fon.

Time zone settings

$offset: the server time zone

Notes:

$offset: to set the current date and time. Must be set together with the server location. By default, it is the universal time, Coordinated (UTC 00:00). Here is an example of bias, if the server is in Moscow – $offset = ‘Europe/Moscow’;

E-mail settings:

$mailer: ‘mail’ use mail PHP function; ‘sendmail’ use SMTP mail on server.

$mailfrom: “From” address. This address Joomla uses to send e-mails from the website.

$sendmail: path to Sendmail program: /usr/sbin/sendmail

$smtpauth: if SMTP sever needs authentification to send e-mails, set it in ‘1’. The other – ‘0’. It is used if $mailer: is installed in ‘sendmail’.

$smtpuser: the username for the access to the SMTP server. It is used if $mailer: is installed in ‘sendmail’.

$smtppass: the password for the access to the SMTP server. It is used if $mailer: is installed in ‘sendmail’.

$smtphost: SMTP host. Te address of the SMTP server for mailing. It is used if $mailer: is installed in ‘sendmail’.

$smtpsecure: choose the security model that is used by your SMTP serer: SSL or TLS. By default this setting is off. It is used if $mailer: is installed im ‘sendmail’.

$smtpport: SMTP port 25

Сache settings:

$caching: ‘0’ – ff; ‘1’ – standard settings; ‘2’ – progressive settings. By default ‘0’.

$cache_handler: cache handler

$cachetime: cache time.

Metadata settings:

$MetaDesc: Website description for SEO. This description is indexed by search systems.

$MetaKeys: website keywords (separate by comma). This keywords describe the website and are he base for website index.

$MetaTitle: to display or not meta-tag title. ‘0’ – off; ‘1’ – on. It is used in Weblinks. By default ‘1’.

$MetaAuthor: to display or not meta-tag author. ‘0’ – off; ‘1’ – on. By default ‘1’.

$MetaVersion: to display or not Joomla version in meta-tag generator. ‘0’ – off; ‘1’ – on. By default ‘0’.

$robots: instructions for search robots.

SEO (Search Engine Optimization) settings:

$sef: ‘0’ – off; ‘1’ – on.

$sef_rewrite: ‘0’ – off; ‘1’ – on.

$sef_suffix: ‘0’ – off; ‘1’ – on.

$unicodeslugs: ‘0’ – off; ‘1’ – on.

$feed_limit: limit of news, by default ’10’.

Logs and the temporary Internet files folder settings

$log_path: /var/www/login/data/www/moy_sayt.com/logs;

$tmp_path: /var/www/login/data/www/moy_sayt.com/tmp;

Session settings:

$lifetime: the lifetime of the session (in minutes).

$session_handler: session handler – ‘database’ or ‘none’.

Other settings

$MetaRights: copyright description.

$sitename_pagetitles: include website name to the name of the page. ‘0’ – no, ‘1’ – before, ‘2’ – after. By default ‘0’.

$force_ssl: activate SSL. ‘0’ – off; ‘1’ – on. It is recommended not to activate this setting only if you are completely sure that SSL is available on server. By default – ‘0’.

$feed_email: select the e-mail that will be shown in the news: ‘author’ – authors e-mail (by default), ‘site’ – website e-mail.

$cookie_domain: cookie of the domain.

$cookie_path:a path for cookie.

Important: If you are not sure what settings of configuration.php file to edit you may leave all the settings by default. Don’t forget to make a backup copy of the file before you make changes.

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